Transformations of innovative firms
Coordinators : Blanche Segrestin & Florence Charue-Duboc
Innovation – especially in information and communication technologies – is continuously causing upheaval in the organisation of firms, in their boundaries and in the markets in which they operate. The i3 teams have competencies enabling them to develop research in three directions:
1. The new forms of governance of innovative firms.
This programme focuses on the new forms of enterprise and the principles of governance adapted to contemporary challenges. It is based on the conjunction of two facts: the classical firm is confronted with multiple challenges, and new forms of value-creating cooperation are appearing. Classical business theories are proving to be inappropriate in the face of these changes because they fail to take into account the dynamics of collective design. There is therefore a need to renew theoretical frameworks, including those underpinning normative devices, so that new principles of organisation and governance, suited to the challenges of collective creation, can be proposed. The aim is to define new principles, including legal ones, to support innovative enterprise. This program seeks to renew the study of entrepreneurship and of start-ups considered as new organisational forms.
2. New communities for innovation.
The internationalisation of R&D in large firms demands collaboration between individuals from diverse backgrounds. After a first series of studies in partnership with large automobile manufacturers, the aim is to undertake sectorial comparisons, in order to discuss recent models of “transnational firms” and of “global innovation management” to assess the effects of this internationalisation on the organisation of occupations, and to propose new models for skills management. New logics of open innovation are furthermore causing upheaval in traditional innovation-related occupations. The design of open-source software, for example, relies on fluid communities which function according to original rules of coordination and cohesion around the design of these technical objects and shared principles. Studying these rules and the organisation of these communities of innovation constitutes a second series of research by the institute’s teams.
3. Entrepreneurship and innovative start-ups.
These issues have already been studied in numerous research projects by the i3 teams. The aim is now to link them together in a new perspective that complements the classical approaches of entrepreneurship with teachings stemming from the study of design and management activities in innovative projects. This junction should improve the analysis of the start-ups with strong innovative contents insofar as they face two simultaneous exploration regimes (which is not the case in classical entrepreneurship). These research programmes benefit from observational materials supplied by the big incubators planned in the IDEX to witch the concerned teams are associated.